Simple Guidelines for How to Write a Case Study

A case study is both a specific research format and an analysis method used to examine a problem. How to write a case study? When students need to analyze a specific case, completing this assignment is a must. It examines a place, person, event, or anything else to extrapolate key results and terms to predict future trends and fixed hidden mistakes. This paper examines either a single subject or a collection. Students use different methods to study cases, including qualitative, quantitative, and mixed.

How to Approach Case Studies Correctly

Identifying a certain case to be investigated is something more than simply choosing a research issue.

  • Does a case represent something atypical or unusual that requires an in-depth analysis?
  • Does it provide any important insight or eliminate hidden problems?
  • Does it offer and challenge counter-points to prevailing assumptions?
  • Does it offer any opportunity to pursue the actions resulting in solving problems?
  • Does it offer new directions for future research?

Its Writing Style and Structure

The purpose of case studies is thoroughly investigating a particular research subject and revealing its new understanding. Its structure is quite similar to other college-level papers, but there are some subtle differences.

A starting paragraph serves as a roadmap for readers to ascertain the purpose and scope of your study. It not only describes a research issue and its importance, but it also explains why a case is used and how it related to this problem. A good case study introduction always answers these questions:

  • What do I study?
  • Why my topic is important to research?
  • What do I know about it?
  • How will my study advance new ways of understanding and knowledge?

It’s also structured similarly to other papers, but the main difference is that it’s focused on offering background information and synthesizing studies that serve the following purposes:

  • Placing relevant works in terms of their contribution to understanding your case study;
  • Describing their relations that inform readers why it’s applicable;
  • Determining new ways to interpret any past research by using this study;
  • Resolving conflicts among contradictory past studies;
  • Pointing possible ways for further research;
  • Exposing the gaps that exist and should be filled in;
  • Locating your research in the context of current literature.


How to write a case study? This section explains the significance of your study subject. The way your methods are described varies based on the type of analyzed subjects too.

  • It can analyze a certain event or incident;
  • It can be an analysis of a person;
  • Your subject may analyze a place or a phenomenon.

The evidence that supports the chosen methods must be closely linked to your findings from a literature review.


The key elements of this section are focused on interpreting and making conclusions about important case study findings. Its objectives are the following:

  • Reiterating a research problem and stating major findings;
  • Explaining their meaning and importance;
  • Relating these findings to similar case studies;
  • Considering their alternative explanations when possible;
  • Acknowledging existing case study limitations;
  • Suggesting possible areas for further research.


This section summarizes your paper in simple and clear language. It also emphasizes how your findings differ from others. Your case study conclusion has these functions:

  • Restating a central argument;
  • Stating the background, context, and necessity of solving a research problem;
  • Restating its significance.

Your conclusion is good if a case study purpose is complex and it explains the significance of your research findings.